Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Height, Weight, Age, Wife, Affairs, Children, Biography & More
Some Lesser Known Facts About Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
|Nickname||Missile Man, People's President|
|Full Name||Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam|
|Profession||Professor, Author, Aerospace Scientis|
|Physical Stats & More|
|Weight (approx.)||in kilograms- 60 kg
in pounds- 132 lbs
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 163 cm
in meters- 1.63 m
in feet inches- 5’ 4”
|Age (at the time of death)||83 Years|
|Date of Birth||15 October 1931|
|Birth Place||Rameswaram, Ramnad District, Madras Presidency, British India
(now in Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
|Date of Death||27 July 2015|
|Place of Death||Shillong, Meghalaya, India|
|Death Cause||Cardiac arrest (Stroke)|
|Resting Place||Pei Karumbu, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Zodiac sign/Sun sign||Libra|
|Hometown||Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Family|| Father- Jainulabiddin Marakayar (A boat owner and Imam of a local Mosque)
APJ Abdul Kalam With The Painting of His Father
Mother- Ashiamma Jainulabiddin (Housewife
Brothers- Kasim Mohammed, Mustafa Kamal, Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar
APJ Abdul Kalam With His Elder Brother APJM Maraikayar
Sister- Asim Zohra (eldest)
|Educational Qualification||Bachelor of Science in Physics from Saint Joseph's College, the University of Madras in 1954
A Degree in Aerospace Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960
|College/University||St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Madras Institute of Technology, Chromepet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|School||Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Hobbies||Playing Veena, Delivering Motivational Lectures, Walking, Listening to Indian Classical Music|
|Famous Books||1998: India 2020
1999: Wings Of Fire
Wings Of Fire
2002: Ignited Minds
2006: Indomitable Spirit
2012: Turning Points
|Awards/Honours||1981: Padma Bhushan by the Government of India
1990: Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India
1997: Bharat Ratna by the Government of India
1998: Veer Savarkar Award by the Government of India
2007: King Charles II Medal by Royal Society, UK
2009: Hoover Medal by ASME Foundation, USA
2013: Von Braun Award by National Space Society
2014: Doctor of Science by Edinburgh University, UK
|Institutes/Places Named After Him||30 July 2015: Uttar Pradesh State Government renamed Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU) to "A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University."
31 July 2015: A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Memorial Travancore Institute of Digestive Diseases, Kerala.
4 August 2015: A new academic complex at Mahatma Gandhi University in Kerala was named after him.
16 August 2015: The Puducherry Government announced that the newly inaugurated science centre-cum-planetarium would be named after former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
August 2015: Kerala Technological University was renamed to A P J Abdul Kalam Technological University.
September 2015: Wheeler Island, a national missile test site in Odisha, was renamed Abdul Kalam Island.
May 2017: NASA named a new organism discovered by them after the much-loved A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. The new organism — a form of bacteria — has been found only on the International Space Station (ISS) and has not been found on earth! Researchers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the foremost lab of NASA for work on interplanetary travel, discovered the new bacteria on the filters of the International Space Station (ISS) and named it Solibacillus kalamii.
|Controversies||• During his tenure as the President of India, Kalam was criticised for his inaction in deciding the fate of 20 out of the 21 mercy petitions submitted to him. He acted on only one mercy plea in his 5-year tenure, rejecting the plea of rapist Dhananjoy Chatterjee, who was later hanged. Perhaps the most notable plea was from Afzal Guru who was sentenced to death by the Supreme Court of India in 2004. The pending action on his mercy plea resulted in him remaining on death row.
• In 2005, Kalam also took the controversial decision to impose President's Rule in Bihar.
• In 2011, civil groups criticised him over his stand on the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant as he supported the establishment of the nuclear power plant and was accused of not speaking with the local people.
|Famous Quotes||• All Birds find shelter during a rain. But Eagle avoids rain by flying above the Clouds.
• Man needs difficulties in life because they are necessary to enjoy the success.
• If you want to shine like a sun. First, burn like a sun.
• All of us do not have equal talent. But, all of us have an equal opportunity to develop our talents.
• Be more dedicated to making solid achievements than in running after swift but synthetic happiness.
• Without your involvement, you can't succeed. With your involvement, you can't fail.
• Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow.
• Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; we should not distort it.
• You have to dream before your dreams can come true.
• Great dreams of great dreamers are always transcended.
• Poetry comes from the highest happiness or the deepest sorrow.
• Life is a difficult game. You can win it only by retaining your birthright to be a person.
|Favourite Subject(s)||Mathematics, Physics|
|Girls, Affairs and More|
|Net Worth||In material terms, the "People's President" owned 2,500 books, a Veena, a wrist watch, a CD Player, a laptop, 6 shirts, 4 trousers, 3 suits and a pair of shoes, his ancestral house and a small site near the house in Rameswaram.|
- He was destined to a Tamil Muslim family in Rameswaram.
- Kalam’s dad claimed a ship, which took Hindu pioneers forward and backward amongst Rameswaram and Dhanushkodi (now uninhabited).
- He was the most youthful of 4 siblings and one sister in his family.
- His precursors had been well-to-do dealers and landowners. They for the most part had basic need exchange to and from Sri Lanka.
- In view of shipping pioneers between the terrain and Pamban, the family earned the title of “Mara Kalam iyakkivar” (wooden watercraft steerers).
- Notwithstanding, when the Pamban Bridge was opened to the territory in 1914, the family properties and fortune were lost after some time.
- By Kalam’s initial adolescence, his family had touched the neediness line, and at an early age, Kalam began conveying daily papers to supplement his family’s pay. He used to gather the daily papers tossed out of the Dhanushkodi Mail prepare as on account of the resulted World War; the trains didn’t stop there.
- Kalam was only 10 years of age when the Second World War was going on. In a meeting, Kalam had uncovered that he had felt the crime of the war as it had nearly achieved the entryways of Rameswaram.
- Since his youth, Kalam had an incredible enthusiasm for books. He used to obtain books from one of his sibling’s companions in his region. Abdul Kalam Book Lender
- In his school, Kalam was a normal review understudy. Notwithstanding, his instructors portrayed him as a brilliant and dedicated understudy with a powerful urge to learn. APJ Abdul Kalam School
- Subsequent to graduating in Physics from Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli, he moved to Madras Institute of Technology to contemplate Aerospace Engineering. APJ Abdul Kalam College
- At the MIT, while chipping away at a senior class venture, the Dean wasn’t happy with the advance of his undertaking and debilitated him to renounce his grant unless he completed the task inside the following 3 days, and when he met the due date, the awed Dean expressed, “I was putting you under pressure and requesting that you meet a troublesome due date.” APJ Abdul Kalam With His Project
- Kalam had longed for turning into a military pilot. In any case, he barely missed his fantasy as he set ninth in the qualifiers of Indian Air Force (IAF) that has just 8 accessible positions. Abdul Kalam Fighter Pilot
- In the wake of moving on from MIT in 1960, Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defense Research and Development Organization and began his vocation by outlining a little air cushion vehicle. Be that as it may, Kalam wasn’t happy with his activity at the DRDO.
- Being an individual from INCOSPAR advisory group, Kalam worked under the prestigious space researcher Vikram Sarabhai. Abdul Kalam With Vikram Sarabhai
- In 1963, Kalam went to NASA’s Virginia; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt (Maryland), Langley Research Center in Hampton; and Wallops Flight Facility.
- While at the DRDO in 1965, Kalam had begun deal with an expandable rocket venture autonomously.
- Kalam was exchanged to Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969 where he turned into the Project Director of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) that effectively conveyed the “Rohini” Satellite in close earth-circle in July 1980. Abdul Kalam With SLV III Team Members
- Between the 1990s, Kalam had put a gigantic exertion into creating Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and (SLV-III) activities and them two turned out to be fruitful. APJ Abdul Kalam (left) With Satish Dhawan
- Raja Ramanna welcomed Kalam to witness India’s first atomic test “Grinning Buddha,” despite the fact that Kalam had not taken an interest in its improvement. Abdul Kalam at Smiling Buddha
- In the 1970s, to create ballistic rockets utilizing the innovation of the fruitful SLV-III program, Kalam coordinated two activities ‘Venture Devil’ and ‘Undertaking Valiant.’ When the then Union Cabinet disliked the tasks, Indira Gandhi (the then Prime Minister of India) distributed mystery stores for these tasks. Abdul Kalam With Indira Gandhi
- In 1980, Kalam’s instructive initiative and research incited the Government to begin a propelled rocket program under Kalam’s directorship.
- R Venkatraman (the then Defense Minister of India) named Kalam as the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) and allotted 388 crores INR for the mission. Kalam assumed a critical part in building up a few fruitful rockets under the mission including ‘Agni’ and ‘Prithvi.’
- From July 1992 to December 1999, Kalam filled in as Chief Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister and Secretary of the DRDO. Amid this period, Pokhran-II Nuclear Tests were led in which Kalam played a pivotal political and innovative part alongside Atal Bihari Vajpayee (the then Prime Minister of India).
- In the late 1990s, the media scope made him India’s best known atomic researcher that earned him the sobriquet of “Rocket Man.” Abdul Kalam The Missile Man
- In 1998, Kalam built up an ease coronary stent alongside cardiologist Soma Raju named the “Kalam-Raju Stent.” The pair additionally composed a rough tablet PC named “Kalam-Raju Tablet” for social insurance in rustic zones in 2012.
- In 2002, he succeeded K. R. Narayanan to end up plainly the eleventh President of India. APJ Abdul Kalam Taking Oath As The President of India
- APJ Abdul Kalam turned into the third President of India to have been respected with the Bharat Ratna before turning into the President. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954) and Dr. Zakir Hussain (1963) were the prior beneficiaries of Bharat Ratna who later turned into the President of India.
- Kalam was likewise the principal single guy and the primary researcher to involve the “Rashtrapati Bhawan.” APJ Abdul Kalam At the Rashtrapati Bhawan
- Amid his stay at the Rashtrapati Bhawan, he demanded that he will pay for his sustenance. General KS Dogra (previous Military Secretary to President APJ Abdul Kalam) reviewed an episode; his relatives were going to him out of the blue when he turned into the President. He declined to let Rashtrapati Bhavan make any uncommon courses of action. They went in normal sleeper class, and we procured a little transport to ship them around Delhi, and he paid for it., despite the fact that the Rashtrapati Bhavan has an armada of vehicles for the utilization of President and his family. Rashtrapati Bhavan has stables, club, clinics, a green, which Kalam never utilized. His lone diversion was his books, and his reasoning strolls in the Mughal gardens.
- Amid his residency as the President of India, media warmly called him the “General population’s President.” Abdul Kalam The Peoples President
- In September 2003, amid an intuitive session at the PGI Chandigarh, he bolstered the need of “Uniform Civil Code” in India.
- In 2011, a Hindi Film “I Am Kalam” was discharged in which Kalam was depicted as a positive impact on a poor-splendid Rajasthani kid named ‘Chhotu.’
- On 27 July 2015, while conveying an address on “Making a Livable Planet Earth” at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, at around 6:35 p.m. IST, just 5 minutes into his address, he crumbled. When he was hurried to the adjacent Bethany Hospital, he did not have a heartbeat or some other indications of life. He was proclaimed dead of a heart failure at 7:45 p.m. IST. As indicated by reports, his last words were: “Entertaining person! Are you doing admirably?” to his helper Srijan Pal Singh.
- India responded to Kalam’s demise with an outbursting melancholy; various tributes were paid the nation over and via web-based networking media. The Government of India (GOI) announced a 7-day State grieving. Pranab Mukherjee (the then-President of India), Hamid Ansari (the then-Vice President of India) and Rajnath Singh (occupant Home Minister of India) mourned his end.
- On 30 July 2015, was let go at Rameswaram’s Pei Karumbu Ground with full state respects. More than 3.5 lakh individuals went to the last customs including Narendra Modi (Incumbent Prime Minister of India), Rahul Gandhi, the Governor of Tamil Nadu and the Chief Ministers of Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
- On 27 July 2017, Narendra Modi (Incumbent Prime Minister of India) initiated Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam National Memorial at Pei Karumbu, in the island town of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. The Memorial was worked by DRDO. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam National Memorial